Gibrán Cruz-Martínez is a Juan de la Cierva Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and a Research Associate at the Chilean Institute of Municipal Studies, Universidad Autónoma de Chile. Before joining IPP-CSIC, he was affiliated to the University of Agder (Norway), and the Institute of the Americas, University College London (United Kingdom). He holds a PhD in Political Science from the Universidad Complutense (Spain). His work broadly speaking focuses on the development of emerging welfare states in Latin America and the Caribbean and its relationship to multidimensional poverty and inequality. In addition, his research interests include welfare regimes and social risks in marginalised communities, targeting versus universalism in social protection, and basic universal social pensions in low- and middle-income countries.
Gibrán is the author of several peer-reviewed articles in journals such as Social Indicators Research, Bulletin of Latin American Research, Ageing International, Brazilian Journal of Latin American Studies, Política y Sociedad, and Relaciones Internacionales. His most recent publication is an open access book entitled ‘Produciendo Bienestar: Una mirada desde las comunidades marginadas en Puerto Rico’ (Dykinson, 2017). He has been a visiting researcher or fellow at the University of Oxford (United Kingdom), Lund University (Sweden), Centre for Social Research (Puerto Rico), the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty at the University of Bergen (Norway), and the Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of London (United Kingdom). He is also a member of the Editorial Board of Alternautas – an open access blog and Journal on Latin American critical development studies.
My research investigates the political economy of governance and environmental management in developing countries. One main strand of my research addresses the ways that foreign donors can support better environmental management in the countries where they work. My book Giving Aid Effectively examines when and why member states and civil society groups can make the multilateral development banks, which manage approximately half of all international development finance, responsive to their environmental performance. Other recent projects investigate when foreign aid catalyzes private sector investment in emerging technologies, when externally-financed institution building persists over time, and how remotely sensed data can be used as part of geospatial impact evaluation to improve the evidence behind environment and development interventions.
Another main strand of my research investigates experimentally the effects of transparency on governance and political accountability. I am currently leading or co-leading several field experiments that investigate when information about the programmatic performance of politicians changes vote choice, whether citizen-sourced data on public services improves the governance of urban public services, how transparency encourages citizens to seek accountability from governments, why national-level transparency rating programs affect the actions of local governments in authoritarian contexts. All of these field experiments are designed and implemented as part of strong partnerships with implementing agencies around the world.
Foremost interested in the security-development nexus and state fragility, including insurgency/counterinsurgency and aid approaches. Most of my research is centred upon Afghanistan within the ‘Global War on Terror’ context, however I am additionally interested in sustainability and comprehensive/integrated approaches toward stabilisation. My preferred approach is within phenomenology, qualitative and critical – mostly through a mode of discourse analysis (such as Institutional Frame Analysis).
Research Fellow Germany Academic Discipline: Public Policy Interests Keywords: Global South, Health Systems, Health Systems Typologies., Social Policy About me: Sustainable Development Goals: Good Health and Well-being, Reduced Inequalities I am interested in the following geographical area(s): Western Hemisphere Andean States, Brazil, Caribbean, Central America, Guianas, Mexico, Southern Cone Components of the GCRF I am [...]
My research was inspired by the wide concern about the security implications of climate change. I especially pay attention to the mechanism under which climate variability might exacerbate different types of intrastate conflicts, including non-violent and violent conflicts. In addition, I am also interested in how information-driven coordinating collective phenomena unfold with security threats in place. Specifically, I will focus on the signal processing between political elites and mass public to identify the relationship between information signal processing and the diffusion of conflicts in space and time. Individuals do not form opinions, beliefs, and actions in an isolated environment but are exposed to social influence through social networks and physical, ideological, cultural, or emotional proximity to others.
Associate Professor United States Academic Discipline: Political Science, Public Policy Interests Keywords: human rights, military aid, military intervention, post-conflict countries About me: Sustainable Development Goals: Justice and Strong Institutions, Peace, Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions I am interested in the following geographical area(s): Western Hemisphere Andean States, Central America, Mexico, Southern Cone Components of the [...]
I am a Criminologist and Geographer who specialises in Geographical Information Systems (GIS). My PhD is about unreported domestic abuse in Essex, UK. Prior to my PhD I worked for many years in local and central government research.
I study the political economy of disasters and international development. I live in the UK and focus much of my current work on evaluating development programs locally and in Sub-Saharan Africa. I examine programs designed to build resilience and adapt to climate change, as well as social programs aimed at improving the lives of underserved populations (isolated persons, single mothers, victims of domestic abuse, homeless), and their effects on community resilience, political trust, public opinion, and more.
I am currently working as a postdoctoral Senior Research Officer, at the Department of Government, University of Essex, as part of the Evaluation Team (Catalyst Project), where I have been working with collaborators to acquire, process and analyse administrative data to support local authorities (such as Essex and Suffolk County Council, Essex County Fire and Rescue Service) improve the impact of programmes and interventions for the communities they serve. A computational linguist by training (text analytics, natural language processing, mathematical models of language) (PhD in Computational Linguistics, Essex – 2010; MA in Computational Linguistics, Essex – 2004), I have been working as a data scientist since 2010 (UK Data Archive (Essex); Endangered Languages Archive (SOAS, University of London); Administrative Data Research Network (Essex)), when I took up my current role.